Ugur Catak

Software Developer

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Holding company

A holding company is a company which is formed for the purpose of purchasing and holding stock of other corporations and often exerts control over the management of such corporations by virtue of its holdings.


If a company franchises its business, it means that it sells franchises to other companies, allowing them to sell its goods or services that have instant name recognition. The franchising company also provide training and support.


Embezzlement is the crime of taking property which is belong to another person. For example, a financial adviser might embezzle the funds of investors.


A domain name is the address of your website that people type in the browser address bar to visit your website. Simply, if your website was a house, then your domain name will be its address that indicates the real (IP) address of your website. Since an IP address is quite difficult to remember, domain names were invented to solve this problem.

Deed of trust

Deed of trust is a document which provides a lender a secured interest in real property. The borrower transfers title to a trustee, who holds it for the benefit of the lender (beneficiary).

A mortgage is similar but distinguishable because it involves only two parties, the mortgagor (borrower) and the mortgagee (lender).


Debt is a fixed obligation to pay money, goods or services to another at present or at a certain time in the future.
His mortgage debt was $50,000.


In biology, immunity is the ability of an organism to resist a particular disease by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells.


Edict is an official order issued by authority. Since it is derived from the Latin term "edictum" and having a close relationship with the word "dictation", the term may be referring to an unfair order depending on the context.


1. To express complete disapproval of something.
Politicians condemned the latest violence.

2. To pronounce sentence, especially a death sentence, upon a criminal defendant.
He was condemned to death.

3. To declare inconvenience for habitation.
Authorities condemn this building, because they officially decided that it is not safe.

4. To take private property for public use under the power of eminent domain by the federal or local government.

Point of law

Point of law is an argument which is based purely on what the law says and not facts. Lawyers usually enjoy the prerogative to address courts on the position of law on a particular matter and the opportunity is rarely extended to non-lawyers who are handling their cases by themselves.


Pleading is a general term given to such court papers as statement of claim, statement of defense and so on. Each state in the United States has its own statutes and rules that govern pleading in the courts of that state.


Plea is the stage at which an accused person is asked in court to respond whether he is guilty or not guilty to an alleged crime that has been read to him. It is this response of the accused person of either “I am guilty” or “I am not guilty” that is called the plea. Other acceptable pleas are "not guilty by reason of insanity", and "no contest or nolo contendere".

A defendant can enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, no contest, (in the United States) Alford plea or (in the United Kingdom) no case to answer.


A plaintiff is the party who initiates a lawsuit before a court.


Plagiarism means a verbatim or a substantial reproduction of another person's writing without acknowledging the author of such writing. Plagiarism is an act of intellectual 'stealing'. It is a crime if the original work is protected in accordance with the copyright law.


Piracy may mean a crime of robbing a ship at sea or a crime of copying films, music, computer software and other similar electronic materials for commercial purpose without the authorization of the owner of such works.


Perjury is the offence of making a false statement in an affidavit or any false statement made on oath whether in writing or verbally. ,

In the United States, for example, the general perjury statute under federal law classifies perjury as a felony and provides for a prison sentence of up to five years.

Per se

It simply means “by itself”.
It is not a pretty school per se, but teachers are great, so I like it.
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