It means blood relationship. Under the Marriage Act, there are people within certain degrees of blood relationship that are not permitted to be joined as husband and wife.

However, this restraint may be by-passed if a marriage is celebrated under another law other than the English Law. For example, first cousins cannot be married under the English Law.


The document by which real estate is hypothecated or pledged as security for the repayment of a loan.


In American English, principal is the head of a school. In the UK, also head of a college or university is called a "principal" while it is called a "chancellor" in the US.
(A chancellor is the honorary head of a university in the UK)

Mutatis mutandi

Mutatis mutandi means “things are generally the same except with some changes in terms of details”.

Net-Affiliate marketing

Net-Affiliate marketing is a type of performance-based strategy marketing. In which business rewards one or more affiliates with the mixture of compensation commission system for each visitor or customer brought by the associates own marketing efforts.

Hire purchase

Hire purchase is a business arrangement where one party otherwise known as the owner gives goods to another called the hirer whereby the latter will be making some periodical payment (technically known as installments) to the former until the full cost of the goods is off-set.

Upon the full payment of the purchase price, the ownership of the goods would be transferred to the hirer. Until the transfer of ownership takes place, the hirer is not the owner and therefore, he cannot handle the goods as if it belongs to him.

Emotional intelligence

It is a person's ability to manage his feelings, according to psychologist Dr. Daniel Goleman.

The "emotional intelligence" term was popularized by Dr. Daniel Goleman in his book in 1995. Dr. Goleman examined emotional intelligence in five categories which are self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy, and social skills. He says, emotional intelligence is the largest single predictor of success in the workplace.

Emotional intelligence is measured by emotional intelligence quotient (EQ) test. Traditional IQ tests seek to evaluate an individual's ability to learn new information, while an EQ test focus on assessing soft skills, such as self-awareness, social awareness, relationship management and empathy.

Expert testimony

Expert testimony is an oral or written testimony offered by an expert witness whose opinion about evidence or about facts may be considered by the judge.

For example, a pathologist may be invited in a case of murder to give evidence as to the cause of death of the deceased.

See, expert witness.

Classical music

The music that is developed from a European tradition mainly in the 18th and 19th centuries.

The key characteristic of European classical music that distinguishes it from popular music and folk music is that the repertoire tends to be written down in musical notation, creating a musical part or score. This score typically determines details of rhythm, pitch, and, where two or more musicians (whether singers or instrumentalists) are involved, how the various parts are coordinated. --Wikipedia

Cause list

It is a list containing all the cases before a court whether for a week or in a day. It helps lawyers and litigants to know in advance before the court sits whether or not their matters are coming up that day or week as the case may be and if they are coming up, to know what they are coming up for, whether for hearing or mention.

Synchronous learning

Synchronous learning is the name of a distance learning method where students learn at the same time at different locations.

There are fundamentally two types of e-learning. Synchronous learning is the opposite of asynchronous learning where all students gather to learn at different times. It has resemblance to traditional classroom despite the participants being located remotely.

In synchronous learning, some interaction solutions are used such as web conferencing, live streaming, telephone, and VoIP.

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How do employers view an online bachelor's degree?


In finance terminology, the term is used to describe failure to make payments as scheduled on a trust deed debt.

Contract for service

A contract for service is a relationship between an employer (client) and an independent contractor. This kind of contract does not create an employer and an employee relationship because none of the two parties has control over the other. The relationship between a passenger and a cab-driver is an example of a contract for service.


1. (Noun) The copy of files or data.
Where did you put the backup?

2. (Noun) Support or help.
A police officer requested backup.

3. (Adjective) Being secondary.
So, what's your backup plan?

:: Note ::
"Backup" is derived from the verb form "back up". (It is written separately)


1. The act of terminating an employee from a job (involuntary discharge).
Robert has been discharged from his job because of disciplinary infractions.

2. The act of asking or allowing officially someone to leave a place, such as a job, prison, army, or hospital.
Alison is healing, will be discharged on Monday from the hospital.

3. To come out from inside a place, for example, a liquid matter that comes from a part of the body.


A method of obtaining an easement although the owner of the land burdened by the easement has not agreed to grant the easement.

Easement by prescription is created only if the following conditions are met:
1. Continuous and uninterrupted use for five years;
2. Use is hostile and adverse to the owner;
3. Use is open and notorious;
4. Exclusive; and
5. Under some claim of right.


In computer science, "address" refers to the location of a specific piece of information, device or other item that can be accessed by computers.

The most common system used for addresses on the Internet are IP addresses that use a series of four numbers, separated by dots. An example would be:

Each computer or device on that network will have a unique "address" that is known by the other computers and devices in the network. Your own personal computer will also have a unique address that it uses for interacting with the various resources on the Internet.

When you use your browser to request a web page from a web server, the web server usually makes a record of what computer asked for the web page, what web page was requested, and whether or not the web page was successfully sent to the requesting computer. The record will contain, among this other data, the IP address of your computer.

Additionally, your internet service provider (ISP) stores who was using what IP address at a particular time. Under an existing law, ISPs are required to retain records for 90 days upon request of a "government entity". They will usually keep that records 3 to 9 months.


An estate is a large area of land in the country which is owned by a person or organization. It usually has a large house on it. It is the modern word for a "mansion".
Image source: Lillian Farms Country Estate