A type of small boat used in water sports with a double-ended paddle. Kayaking is an Olympic sport. Both the Canoe and Kayak are raced in the Olympic level.

Paddler is in a seated position in Kayak. In a canoe, the paddler kneels and uses a single-bladed paddle.

Fact in issue

This is closely related to “fact” which has been explained above but fact in issue is narrower in scope than fact itself.

For example, in a divorce petition filed by Mr. A against Mrs. A, if the latter is also ready and willing that their marriage be dissolved by the court but she is only contesting the property acquired during their marriage with Mr. A, then the contention over the property is deemed as the fact in issue or, to be put differently, as the fact in dispute between Mr. A and Mrs. A. The court may forthwith give judgment dissolving their marriage, while it goes into trial to take evidence on the issue of property, whether to decide that the property be shared by both parties or that it belongs solely to one of them.

Corroborating evidence

Corroborating evidence is a piece of evidence coming from a witness which supports or confirms the evidence earlier given by another witness in a matter before a court of law. There are instances where it is compulsory or safe to have this corroborating evidence before a decision is made especially in criminal cases and some of such instances are in a case of rape or defilement where the victim is a minor or the only evidence before a court is that of an accomplice.


Conversion is a civil wrong which is committed where a non-owner of goods is exercising some rights over the goods as if he is the owner. Conversion is not stealing because while stealing is a crime, the former is a civil wrong.

See, detinue.

Delegatus non potest delegare

It simply means that a person who is exercising powers on behalf of another person cannot appoint another person to act for him.

For instance, an agent is a delegate of a principal so he cannot appoint another agent to act for him without a clear authority of his principal permitting him to do so.


An aggregator is an application which collects web content from blogs, newspapers or podcasts and delivers the collected content in one location for viewing.


Arbitration is a means by which a dispute is taken before a mutually-acceptable arbitrator instead of a court. This is done in order to save time and maintain a friendly business relationship.

Common law

This system of law originated from Britain and it is also found commonly with countries that were formerly under the British colonial administration. This system is based essentially on the principle of judicial precedent.

budget deficit

The amount by which actual expenses are greater than planned expenses in a particular period of time.

He is facing a budget deficit and this project is going to be suspended.
The president has been working hard to try to balance out the budget deficit.


SEO is an abbreviation for "Search Engine Optimization" and refers to methods used to increase the number of visitors of a website by improving its rankings in the search results. Any traffic that you do not have to pay for, such as traffic from search engines is called "organic traffic".

Trying to manipulate rankings using SEO techniques which are considered as artificial is called black hat SEO and can be affected by a penalty which may result in the drop of rankings all across the site.

Google dominates search market and rank websites in their search engine results by using an algorithm called PageRank. According to Google, PageRank works by counting the number and quality of links to a page to determine a rough estimate of how important the website is. The underlying assumption is that more important websites are likely to receive more links from other websites.

Here is a study by ahrefs that describes how "On Page SEO" and backlink factors correlate with rankings:

Backlink Factors vs. On Page Factors:

Today, most people are searching on Google using a mobile device. In November 2016, Google announced a major change to the way crawling websites and started to make their index mobile-first, which means the mobile version of your website becomes the starting point for what Google includes in their index. It is not a mobile-only index, for instance, if a site doesn’t have a mobile-friendly version, the desktop site can still be included in the index.


For a company to attend to its affairs, members and directors may have to come together and discuss. Some of the meetings usually held by companies are annual general meeting (AGM), statutory meeting and extra-ordinary meeting.

Jactitation of marriage

Jactitation of marriage is a claim made by a person to be married to another person when in actual fact there is no marriage between the two. This is usually done by the person making the claim in order to boost his own prestige at the expense of another's reputation.


In law, a hearing is a stage at which a case is ripe to be heard by a court when evidence will be taken as all necessary court papers in respect of the case must have been filed.