Slash

A slash is a symbol which looks like this: "/". It is most commonly used in the following ways:


1. To show choices – meaning literally “and or”; for example "small/medium/large".
2. To show a ratio of things (“miles/day” in traveling would be how many miles you travel per day; it could be spoken as “miles per day;”)
3. To separate the different parts of a collection of electronic documents.


This third use is the most common use of the "/" symbol in computer and it has been used for a long time. It was created as an aid to organizing and finding the various files you might store on a computer.


See, backslash.

A fortiori

A fortiori is a process of reasoning in an argument which moves from a strong point to reach a conclusion. For example, if all players are men and Jack is a player, then a fortiori, Jack must be a man.


See, a priori, a posteriori.

Franchise

Franchise is the right to vote in an election.
Women were not allowed until the 1940s when they were granted the franchise to vote in elections.

Kayak

A small boat that is navigated by a paddle with two blades, primarily used for the purpose of hunting by Eskimos.
Kayak

Gratis

Gratis means something received free of charge or out of favor.

Prosecutor

A prosecutor is a legal representative of the prosecution in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system, who brings a criminal charge against accused persons in courts and calls witnesses to prove the charge in order to get the accused persons punished for their crimes. Prosecutor may be used interchangeably with “prosecution”.


Hire purchase

Hire purchase is a business arrangement where one party otherwise known as the owner gives goods to another called the hirer whereby the latter will be making some periodical payment (technically known as installments) to the former until the full cost of the goods is off-set.


Upon the full payment of the purchase price, the ownership of the goods would be transferred to the hirer. Until the transfer of ownership takes place, the hirer is not the owner and therefore, he cannot handle the goods as if it belongs to him.

Jactitation of marriage

Jactitation of marriage is a claim made by a person to be married to another person when in actual fact there is no marriage between the two. This is usually done by the person making the claim in order to boost his own prestige at the expense of another's reputation.

Partnership

A contract between two or more persons to unite their property, labor or skill in pursuit of some joint or lawful business and to share the profits in a certain specified proportion.


General partnership is one in which all partners are jointly and severally liable for the debts of the partnership, regardless of the amount of an individual partner’s actual investment in the partnership.


Limited partnership is one in which limited partners are liable for the debts of the partnership only to extent of their investments in the partnership, while general partners are jointly and severally liable for the full amount of such debts.

Break down

In chemistry, breakdown means a chemical decomposition. In other words, it is the separation of a single chemical compound into its elemental parts or to simpler compounds. Chemical breakdown is usually defined as the exact opposite of chemical synthesis.

AR

It's the symbol of Argon element in chemistry.

Polygraph

Polygraph is an electronic instrument used to administer a lie detector test. A polygraph detects and records changes in a person's pulse, blood pressure, breathing rates, and skin conductivity while a person answers a series of questions.


The efficacy of polygraphs is debated in the scientific community. Supporters of Polygraph claim an 85 - 95% accuracy rate. Critics say there is not enough scientific evidence to say whether it detects lies or not.
Polygraph

Lock out

Lock out is a situation where an employer prevents his employees from gaining access to their place of work in order to make them accede to his biddings. Lock out is a counterpart of strike action.

Racial discrimination

In the UK and Australia, It is examined under "Direct Racial Discrimination" and "Indirect Racial Discrimination". If you are treated directly because of your race, this is called direct race discrimination.


If there is a rule or policy that is the same for everyone but has an unfair effect on people of a particular race, color, ethnic origin or immigrant status, this is called indirect race discrimination.


For example,
It may be indirect racial discrimination, if a company says that employees must not wear hats or other head wear at work, as this is likely to have an unfair effect on people from some racial/ethnic backgrounds.


An example from the United States,
In Griggs v. Duke Power Company, Duke Power required a benchmark IQ aptitude test score and high school diploma for applicants for some of the highest paying jobs in their steam station. The adverse discriminatory impact came about because African-American applicants were disqualified at a much higher rate than their white peers, and the U.S. Supreme Court determined that the purpose of the test was in fact to weed out African-Americans from the hiring process for those jobs. The hiring procedure did not fulfill a genuine business need and had an adverse impact on a protected class; therefore, it was deemed indirect discrimination. -- Case link


:: More Info ::
Australian human rights commission - Racial discrimination
Citizen Advice UK - Racial discrimination
Indirect discrimination in US and UK law
HRacuity - Indirect discrimination

First past the post

A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting is the second most popular voting system for electing members of parliament.


In a single-member election, the candidate with the highest number (but not necessarily a majority) of votes is elected. In a multiple-member election, if there are five vacancies, then the five candidates with the greatest numbers of votes are elected: this is described as winner takes all.


FPTP voting is used in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, India and Pakistan.


grantor

With the typical deed, the seller, current owner or provider of any conveyance is normally considered the grantor. Most states require that deed grantors be legally competent and be clearly and accurately identified in the deed.
See: grant, grantee


References

  • Own It! Real Estate Dictionary (Volume 8) by William E Keeler

Sole proprietorship

Sole proprietorship means a business enterprise that is owned by a single person, as opposed to a partnership, corporation or other form of business ownership.

Balanced diet

A diet that contains adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health. Balanced diet needs a balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats which contains the correct amounts of nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.


To lose weight, the amount of calories you get should be lower than you burned in a day. The following examples are the estimated calorie needs per day, by age, sex, and physical activity level based on United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) guidelines.


:: Males ::
AgeSedentaryModerately ActiveActive
19-202,6002,8003,000
21-252,4002,8003,000
26-302,4002,6003,000
31-352,4002,6003,000
36-402,4002,6002,800
41-452,2002,6002,800
46-502,2002,4002,800
51-552,2002,4002,800
56-602,2002,4002,600


:: Females ::
AgeSedentaryModerately ActiveActive
19-202,0002,2002,400
21-252,0002,2002,400
26-301,8002,0002,400
31-351,8002,0002,200
36-401,8002,0002,200
41-451,8002,0002,200
46-501,8002,0002,200
51-551,6001,8002,200
56-601,6001,8002,200


:: More Info ::
Here is an example balanced diet plan
Full list of estimated calorie needs by the USDA