First past the post

First past the post

A first-past-the-post (FPTP) voting is the second most popular voting system for electing members of parliament.


In a single-member election, the candidate with the highest number (but not necessarily a majority) of votes is elected. In a multiple-member election, if there are five vacancies, then the five candidates with the greatest numbers of votes are elected: this is described as winner takes all.


FPTP voting is used in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, India and Pakistan.


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