A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer who has been appointed or a person who becomes a Justice of the Peace on account of his office to exercise certain powers. An applicant for the office of a Justice of the Peace may not be a lawyer.


In the United States, the justice of the peace is a judge of a court of limited jurisdiction, however, they can sign warrant of arrest in some US states. The justice of the peace typically presides over a court that hears misdemeanor cases, traffic violations, and other petty criminal infractions. The justice of the peace may also have authority over cases involving small debts, landlord and tenant disputes, or other small claims court proceedings. A justice of the peace also performs civil marriages.


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Jurisdiction Jury Justice of the peace Justiciability Kayak