It represents the totality of events which forms the basis of a case. For instance, in a case of recovery of debt filed by A against B, the story of how B becomes indebted to A and of what transpires between both of them is the fact of the case on the side of A. On the side of B, B may either admit his indebtedness or deny it. If B denies, then a narration of the story of his denial forms the fact of his own side of the dispute. So, when evidence is given in a case, it is given to prove the fact of the individual's case.