The term "court of first instance" refers to any court that the law gives power (jurisdiction) to start a case from the beginning i.e. before which court a case should be commenced. It can also be said that it is a court that has original jurisdiction to try a matter.

For instance, a case that has to do with wrongful dismissal of an employee must be commenced before the National Industrial Court because it is the court of first instance in respect of labor matters. Where a case is commenced before a court that does not have original jurisdiction, the case would be struck out for want of jurisdiction.
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Countermand order Counter-offer Court of first instance Court proceedings Court process