It is a piece of evidence which is based on inference rather than personal knowledge or experience.

For example, A is stabbed to death in his own apartment while B is seen by some people some minutes after the stabbing rushing out of A's apartment with blood stains all over him. If the evidence of the people that saw B rushing out of A's apartment is all that is before the court, it will be difficult for B to come out from the kind of incriminating inference which the trial court may draw from this circumstantial evidence.

Even though courts rarely depend on circumstantial evidence to convict an accused person, a court may rely on it if it is strong and points to an irresistible conclusion that the accused person commits the crime.
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Chronic disease Circuit court Circumstantial evidence Citation Civil law