Category:

#legal

Assembly

Assembly is a legislative body with the inclusion of a group of people who have been elected to meet together regularly for a common purpose in the same place and make decisions or laws for a particular region or country.

Advocate

At law, advocate is a person who supports or argues another's case; or a counselor who gives someone legal advice in court.


However, different countries use the term with different meanings. In English law-based countries, its equivalent could be a barrister or a solicitor.


Furthermore, "advocate" refers to a lawyer in countries such as France (avocat), Italia (avvocato), Portugal (advogado), South Africa (advokaat), Spain (abogado), and Turkey (avukat).

Administrative agency

An administrative agency is an official governmental body that is empowered with the authority to direct and supervise the implementation of particular legislative acts.


There are two basic types of administrative agencies: Independent Regulatory Agencies and Executive Agencies.


Securities Exchange Commission and Internal Revenue Service are examples of Independent Regulatory Agencies, while the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) are examples of administrative agencies that fall under the supervision of the President.


Executive agencies are executive branches of the federal government includes the Executive Office of the President and the United States federal executive departments.


List of the Independent agencies of the United States government
List of federal agencies in the United States

Adequate

"Adequate" means to be sufficient, enough in quantity, or good enough in quality.
Is your salary adequate to support your family.


Usually, the words "adequate", "sufficient", or "enough" are used interchangeably, but still there is a little difference in the use of them. Adequate describes a condition of something meeting (maybe just barely) the minimum or exact requirement. If something is sufficient or enough, it may describe a condition of something meeting (maybe comfortably) the requirements.

Acting in good faith

"To act in good faith" means to behave in an honest way without intentionally causing any unfair influence or disadvantage to another party.
In Australia, parties who enter into a franchise agreement must act in good faith towards one another.


See, bona fide.

Acquit

"Acquit" means to officially state or decide in a law court that someone is not guilty of a crime.
The jury acquitted her of all the charges.

Accuse

"Accuse" means to charge someone with a crime; to claim that somebody has done something illegally or is guilty of something. If an accused person is found guilty, the person is called a convict.

Accept

The word "accept" in legal contexts means to agree with the terms and conditions of an agreement or contract.

Abrogate

Abrogate is a verb that means to officially end or repeal a law. It also means to revoke or officially end an agreement or a contract.
They convinced Parliament to abrogate the law that allows criminal prosecution of public officials.


See, also abolish.

Abolish

Abolish is a verb that means to officially end a law, a system, a custom or an institution.
They convinced Parliament to abolish the law that allows criminal prosecution of public officials.


See, also abrogate.

White collar crime

White collar crime refers to a nonviolent crime such as insider trading, tax evasion, or fraud committed by a professional.


The term was first defined by an American sociologist (Edwin Hardin Sutherland) in 1939 as "a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation".

Timeshare

Timeshare is a method of real property ownership by which each of several co-owners has a right of exclusive possession for a certain length of time.

Superior court

Superior court is a court of general jurisdiction, as opposed to inferior courts such as municipal court or small claims court.


A superior court is a court that has unlimited jurisdiction as opposed to lower courts which is restricted to civil cases, or criminal cases involving less serious offenses. A superior court may hear appeals from lower courts and supreme courts may hear appeals from superior courts (see appeal).

Summary judgment

Summary judgment is a judgment rendered as a matter of law, when the parties are not in dispute regarding the facts of a case.


If you bring a motion for summary judgment, you are asking the court to make a final ruling on the case before a trial has been conducted. This could be of great benefit, depending on the case, since you save time, money, and energy from having to further litigate your case.


See, motion.

Slander

Slander is tort of making verbal statements which injure another's reputation. Slander is distinguishable from libel because libel is a publication of defamatory statement, while slander is a spoken statement.

Probation

Probation is a sentence given a criminal defendant which permits release instead of imprisonment provided he commits no further crimes for a certain period and, if required, reports regularly to a probation officer.


See, parole.

Performance bond

A performance bond is a surety bond which guarantees that a contract will be performed. Performance bonds are commonly used in the construction of real property. For example, if a contractor fails to construct a building according to the specifications laid out by the contract (most often due to the bankruptcy of the contractor), the client is guaranteed compensation for any monetary loss up to the amount of the performance bond.
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