Material difference between allegations set forth in pleadings and proof offered to support such allegations.


In law, immunity is an exemption from civil or criminal liability. For example, a witness may agree to testify against others in exchange for a grant of immunity from prosecution.


In law, a foundation is preliminary evidence which is introduced in order to establish the admissibility of additional evidence.


A legal process to cause a witness to appear and give testimony in court.


It is the final decision of a court of law.
The defendant is now waiting for the judgment.


It is the final decision of a court of law.
The defendant is now waiting for the judgement.


An injunction is a court order requiring a person to do or refrain from doing something.

There are three types of injunctions:

1. Temporary Restraining Orders
2. Preliminary Injunctions
3. Permanent Injunctions

A temporary injunction prohibits an action by a party to a lawsuit until there has been a trial or other court action.

Temporary Restraining Orders and Preliminary Injunctions can be issued by the judge early in a lawsuit to stop the defendant from continuing his or her allegedly harmful actions.

Permanent injunctions are issued as a final judgment in a case, where monetary damages will not suffice. Failure to comply with an injunction may result in being held in contempt of court, which in turn may result in either criminal or civil liability.


All the money and property that is left behind at death.
In her will, she left her estate to her two grandsons.


In law, an entity is equal to an organization, corporation, partnership or person who might owe taxes. An entity is capable of entering into contracts and of being sued.


1. The termination of a law suit. (abatement of action)
2. A reduction of a tax assessment.
3. The removal of a nuisance.