balanced diet

A diet that contains adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health. Balanced diet needs a balance of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats which contains the correct amounts of nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.
Here is an example balanced diet plan


To lose weight, the key point is that the amount of calories you get should be lower than you burned in a day, as in all diets.


The following examples are the estimated calorie needs per day, by age, sex, and physical activity level based on United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) guidelines.


:: Males ::
AgeSedentaryModerately ActiveActive
19-202,6002,8003,000
21-252,4002,8003,000
26-302,4002,6003,000
31-352,4002,6003,000
36-402,4002,6002,800
41-452,2002,6002,800
46-502,2002,4002,800
51-552,2002,4002,800
56-602,2002,4002,600


:: Females ::
AgeSedentaryModerately ActiveActive
19-202,0002,2002,400
21-252,0002,2002,400
26-301,8002,0002,400
31-351,8002,0002,200
36-401,8002,0002,200
41-451,8002,0002,200
46-501,8002,0002,200
51-551,6001,8002,200
56-601,6001,8002,200


Full list of estimated calorie needs by the USDA

cash flow

Cash flow is the total amount of money moving into and out of a business. Cash flow is very important especially for small businesses, lack of cash is one of the biggest reasons small businesses fail.


In accounting, cash flow is the difference in amount of cash available between opening balance and closing balance. If the closing balance is higher than the opening balance, it is called positive cash flow otherwise called negative.


An example cash flow report:
cash flow

climate change

Climate change is a change in global or regional climate patterns, including changes in temperature, wind patterns, and rainfall.


Weather is the short-term changes we see in temperature, while climate is a long term condition such as an increase in the average atmospheric temperature.


:: Causes of Climate Change ::
Many things can cause climate to change all on its own. Earth's distance from the sun can change. The sun can send out more or less energy. Oceans can change. When a volcano erupts, it can change our climate. Most scientists say that humans can change climate too. People drive cars. People heat and cool their houses. People cook food. All those things take energy. --NASA


:: What Can We Do? ::
Scientists think we can do things to stop the climate from changing as much. You can help by using less energy and water. Turn off lights and TVs when you leave a room. Turn off the water when brushing your teeth. You also can help by planting trees. --NASA

GDP

GDP is an acronym for "Gross Domestic Product" in economics. GDP refers the economic growth in a country.


Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year. Gross National Product (GNP) measures the total economic output of a country, including earnings from foreign investments.


The growth rate is calculated by comparing gross domestic product (GDP) in a year with the GDP in the previous year.


Countries' GDP rates in years

economic growth

Economic growth refers the steady growth in the productive capacity of the economy, such as an increase in the number of goods and services over a period of time.


In a simpler manner, economic growth is how much more the economy produces than it did in the previous period. The growth rate is calculated by comparing gross domestic product (GDP) in a year with the GDP in the previous year.


Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total value of goods and services produced by a country in a year. Gross National Product (GNP) measures the total economic output of a country, including earnings from foreign investments.


Countries' GDP rates in years

emotional intelligence

It is a person's ability to manage his feelings, according to psychologist Dr. Daniel Goleman.


The "emotional intelligence" term was popularized by Dr. Daniel Goleman in his book in 1995. Dr. Goleman examined emotional intelligence in five categories which are self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy, and social skills. He says, emotional intelligence is the largest single predictor of success in the workplace.


Emotional intelligence is measured by emotional intelligence quotient (EQ) test. Traditional IQ tests seek to evaluate an individual's ability to learn new information, while an EQ test focus on assessing soft skills, such as self-awareness, social awareness, relationship management and empathy.

emotional intelligence

Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify, understand and manage your own emotions or the emotions of others.


Emotional intelligence is a wide selection of skills that children should develop.

mental illness

Mental illness are the health conditions that involving significant changes in thinking, emotion and/or behavior, distress and problems functioning in social, work or family activities. Mental illness refers collectively to all diagnosable mental disorders.


Examples of signs and symptoms from mayoclinic:


1. Feeling sad or down
2. Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate
3. Excessive fears or worries, or extreme feelings of guilt
4. Extreme mood changes of highs and lows
5. Withdrawal from friends and activities
6. Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping
7. Detachment from reality (delusions), paranoia or hallucinations
8. Inability to cope with daily problems or stress
9. Trouble understanding and relating to situations and to people
10. Alcohol or drug abuse
11. Major changes in eating habits
12. Sex drive changes
13. Excessive anger, hostility or violence
14. Suicidal thinking
(source: signs of mental illness)

mental illness

Mental illness are conditions which causes serious disorder in a person's normal state of mind.


Some common examples of mental illness include eating disorders, depression, schizophrenia, anxiety disorders, and addictive behaviors or a combination of these.


Example usage:
Many college students have been diagnosed with some sort of mental illness.
There is an increasing number of people who have suffered from mental illnesses nowadays.

mass media

Any of the means of communication that reach large numbers of people, such as newspapers, popular magazines, television, internet, and radio.


The mass media has evolved significantly over time. There are a variety of mass media nowadays. The most common platforms for mass media are television, newspapers, magazines, radio, and the Internet.


Mass media is the primary means of communication used to reach the vast majority of the audience.

natural resources

The natural wealth of a country, consisting of land, oil, coal, rivers, lakes, trees, forests, etc. that has economic value.


A natural resource is anything people can use which comes from nature. People do not make natural resources, by gather them from the Earth.


Natural resources are examined in two subcategory.
1. Renewable ones such as the sun, wind, plants, water, soil, animals, etc.
2. Non-renewable ones such as coal, oil, natural gas, metal minerals, etc.


Example:
Australia is a very wealthy country with large amounts of natural resources.

nuclear family

It means a family unit that consists only of a mother, a father, and their children.


In this term, the word "nuclear" means core of something, originating in the Latin "nucleus".


She was born and grew up in a nuclear family but John grew up with his grandparents.

point of view

The position of the narrator in relation to the story, in literature.


1. First-person point of view: a character narrates the story with "I, me, my" in his or her speech.


2. Second-person point of view: a character narrates the story with "you, your" in his or her speech.


3. Third-person point of view: a third-person narrator can be omniscient in which the narrator knows all of the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story or the reader knows only one character’s thoughts in third-person limited point of view.


Third-person narration is the most commonly used narrative mode in literature.

point of view

A particular perspective or way of judging a situation based on a particular aspect.


From a scientific point of view, the invention is extremely important.
From my point of view, the house is too small.

word of mouth

Recommendations that people verbally make to each other about a product of service.


Word of mouth has made this film a hit.
The novel has become a worldwide best-seller, largely by word of mouth.
Most customers hear about his company by word of mouth.

youth hostel

A place providing cheap accommodation for short periods to young people when they are travelling.


Example:
We shared a room in the youth hostel.


Example view of a youth hostel room:
youth hostel
(Image source: Walk of Fame Hollywood Hostel)

zero tolerance

The policy of applying laws or penalties to every person who commits a crime or breaks a rule, even minor infringements of a code.


The police announced that there will be zero tolerance for abuse and violence against women.
Tom was caught stealing a woman's bag, and because of zero tolerance, he was sent to prison for 3 years.

zero visibility

The condition when someone is literally unable to see anything due to darkness, poor weather, fog and/or smoke.


Driving in zero visibility is very risky.
I'm sure that no one can walk safely in zero visibility.

social networking

Websites and online services that enable users to communicate, share information or to participate in.


What's your favorite social networking website?
Join the Community!

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