Immunity

In biology, immunity is the ability of an organism to resist a particular disease by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells.

Immunity

In law, immunity is an exemption from civil or criminal liability. For example, a witness may agree to testify against others in exchange for a grant of immunity from prosecution.

Foundation

In law, a foundation is preliminary evidence which is introduced in order to establish the admissibility of additional evidence.

Edict

Edict is an official order issued by authority. Since it is derived from the Latin term "edictum" and having a close relationship with the word "dictation", the term may be referring to an unfair order depending on the context.

Discharge

In a bankruptcy, discharge is a court order that relieves debtor's liability for certain specified types of debts. The debtor is no longer legally required to pay any discharged debts.

Discharge

1. The act of terminating an employee from a job (involuntary discharge).
Robert has been discharged from his job because of disciplinary infractions.


2. The act of asking or allowing officially someone to leave a place, such as a job, prison, army, or hospital.
Alison is healing, will be discharged on Monday from the hospital.


3. To come out from inside a place, for example, a liquid matter that comes from a part of the body.

Condemn

1. To express complete disapproval of something.
Politicians condemned the latest violence.


2. To pronounce sentence, especially a death sentence, upon a criminal defendant.
He was condemned to death.


3. To declare inconvenience for habitation.
Authorities condemn this building, because they officially decided that it is not safe.


4. To take private property for public use under the power of eminent domain by the federal or local government.

A priori

It means "from what goes before". A priori is an argument which uses a truth or generally accepted principle to deduce the effect of a particular set of facts.


Example:
If George V reigned at least four days, then he reigned more than three days.
This is something that one knows a priori, because it expresses a statement that one can derive by reason alone.


See, a posteriori, a fortiori.


Your Worship

In the UK and the territories formerly ruled or administered by the UK, magistrates are addressed as “Your Worship”. It may also be used in addressing or referring to a high-ranking person, such as a mayor.


Different categories of judicial officials may be addressed differently. For example, Canadian judges are addressed depending on the province, as "My Lord", "My Lady", "Your Honour" or "Justice". In the United States, a judge is addressed as "Your Honor".

Wrongful dismissal

This is a situation where an employee is dismissed without following the terms of his engagement which are binding on both the employee and the employer.

Work-to-rule

It is a form of industrial action in which workers, though they are not on full-fledged strike, are working at a slow pace. In other words, workers are only performing skeletal operations.

Witness summons

It is an official document issued by a court directed to a specific person in which the person is commanded to appear in court at a specified date and venue for the purpose of giving evidence in a case. Disobeying a witness summons constitutes a contempt of court which may be punished by the court.

Witness box

It is a box, usually wooden, in which people giving evidence in any case stand in courts to testify.

Winding up

It is a process by which the lifespan of a company is brought to an end. Once a company is wound up, it ceases to exist.

Will

A will is a legal document written by a person called testator in which he states how he wants his assets shared after his death among his chosen beneficiaries.

Warranty

These are terms usually inserted in a document to show that a party inserting those terms is bound to carry out his promises when occasions indicated arise.


For example, it is common in sales of electrical appliances, vehicles and some other products that their manufacturers would give assurances to their customers to return products bought in case there is any damage within a specified period of time.

Warrant of arrest

Warrant of arrest is a paper issued by a judge or magistrate on behalf of the state which commands the arrest of a specified person.

Voidable contract

It is a contract which, on the face of it, is valid until it is set aside at the instance of a party who has right to do so. For example, if a drunken person enters into a contract in his state of drunkenness, he may set it aside soon after he regains consciousness. Such contract is voidable but not void ab initio.

Void contract

It is a contract that cannot be enforced at all because it may either be lacking in vital elements that make a contract valid or a party does not have legal capacity to enter into it at all. For example, a contract of loan entered into by an underage person.